Prehistoric Scratchpad
A cave in Spain that contains Neanderthal fossils dated to 49,000 years ago. There was no evidence of meat consumption by the Neanderthals there, but instead a vegetarian diet consisting of pine nuts, moss, mushrooms, and tree bark. Dental studies show women and men differed in some tasks performed.

El Sidron Cave Web PagesEdit


  • Order Primates (Primates) - Mammals with long arms.
    • Family Homonidae (Homonids)
      • Genus Homo (Homo) - The human genus.
        • Species Neanderthal (Neanderthals) - The closest known extinct species to humans.

El Sidron Cave In the NewsEdit

Neanderthals in Northern Spain had Knowledge of Plants' Healing Qualities (2012)Edit

First molecular evidence that Neanderthals ate cooked plant foods and understood its nutritional and medicinal qualities.
See also Neanderthals, El Sidron Cave

Scientists Provide More Accurate Age for El Sidron Cave Neanderthals (2013)Edit

Application of pre-treatment to reduce contamination lowers margin of error from 40K to 3.2K years. It was found to be 49K, much better than unreliable 10K.
See also Neanderthals, El Sidron Cave

Neanderthal Groups Based Part of their Lifestyle on Sexual Division of Labor (2015)Edit

Studies based on the wear of teeth show that men and women performed some different tasks.
See also Neanderthals, El Sidron Cave, L'Hortus, Spy Cave

Dental plaque DNA shows Neanderthals used 'asperin' (2017)Edit

DNA in dental plaque reveals what Neanderthals ate. Some were mostly carnivores, while others were vegetarian. A sick Neanderthal seems to have used local herbs to heal himself. Microbial DNA suggests humans and Neanderthals swapped mouth bacteria long after the species had diverged.
See also Neanderthals, Spy Cave, El Sidron Cave